AN ACT ESTABLISHING THE PHILIPPINE JUDICIAL ACADEMY, DEFINING ITS POWERS AND FUNCTIONS, APPROPRIATING FUNDS THEREFOR, AND FOR OTHER PURPOSES
_____Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the Philippines in
_____Section 1. It is hereby declared
a policy of the State to ensure an efficient and credible Judiciary. Towards
this end, it is imperative to provide members of the Judiciary and prospective
applicants with continuing good education and training.
2. To carry out the policy enunciated in Section 1 hereof, there is
hereby established a Philippine Judicial Academy, hereinafter referred
to as PHILJA, which shall be a separate component unit of the Supreme
Court and shall operate under its administration, supervision and control.
3. The PHILJA shall serve as a training school for justices, judges,
court personnel, lawyers and aspirants to judicial posts. For this purpose,
it shall provide and implement a curriculum for judicial education, and
shall conduct seminars, workshops and other training programs designed
to upgrade their legal knowledge, moral fitness, probity, efficiency,
and capability. It shall perform such other functions and duties as may
be necessary in carrying out its mandate.
4. The Academy shall be located in Tagaytay City, or in such other
place or places as the Supreme Court may determine.
5. The Academy shall have a Governing Board to be known as the Board
of Trustees, composed of the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court as ex-officio
Chairman, the Senior Associate Justice of the Supreme Court as ex-officio
Vice-Chairman; the Chancellor of the Academy, the Presiding Justices of
the Court of Appeals and the Sandiganbayan, the Court Administrator, the
President of the Philippine Judges Association; and the President of the
of the Philippine Association of Law Schools, as ex-officio members;
and a Judge of a first level court, as appointive member, who shall have
served as such for at least five (5) years and has taught in a reputable
law school for the same number of years.
appointive member shall be appointed by the Supreme Court and shall serve
for a term of one (1) calendar year, and may be reappointed for another
ex-officio members of the Board of Trustees shall serve as such
for the duration of their incumbency in their respective offices.
_____All members shall serve without compensation but shall be entitled to
reasonable honoraria/allowance for the performance of their duties.
_____Sec. 6. The Executive Officials
of the Academy shall be composed of a Chancellor, a Vice-Chancellor and
an Executive Secretary, to be appointed by the Supreme Court for a term
of two (2) years and without prejudice to subsequent reappointments.
Chancellor and Vice-Chancellor shall have as requisite qualifications,
unless otherwise provided by the Supreme Court, meritorious service as
member of a collegiate appellate court for at least five (5) years, or
as Regional Trial Court Judge for at least ten (10) years and, in all
these instances, meritorious service as teacher of law in a reputable
law school for at least five (5) years.
Executive Secretary shall have the same requisite qualifications and the
same compensation as a Regional Trial Court Judge. He or she shall serve
on a full time basis and shall be the ex-officio Recorder-Secretary
of the Board of Trustees.
_____The incumbent Executive Officials of
the Academy who were duly appointed by the Supreme Court and qualified
as such shall continue in their respective positions until the expiration
of their initial terms, without prejudice to their re-appointment as provided
in this section.
_____The Chancellor shall have the compensation
and privileges of an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court.
Vice-Chancellor shall have the compensation and privileges of an Associate
Justice of the Court of Appeals.
purposes of retirement privileges, seniority, and other benefits, service
of the executive officials in the Academy shall be considered as service
in the Judiciary, except in cases not allowed by law.
executive officials of the Academy shall not engage in the private practice
of any profession.
_____Sec. 7. The Academy shall be
staffed by a Corps of Professorial Lecturers. A Lecturer shall be nominated
by any member of the Board of Trustees. Upon a majority vote of the Board,
the nomination shall be submitted to the Supreme Court for approval and
formal appointment for a term of two (2) years without prejudice to subsequent
8. The academic courses and the publication of a Judicial Journal
and other legal writings shall be determined by the Chancellor in consultation
with the Corps of Professorial Lecturers and approved by the Board of
9. The criteria for the selection and admission of participants shall
be determined by the Chancellor in consultation with the Corps of Professorial
Lecturers and approved by the Board of Trustees.
_____Sec. 10. As soon as PHILJA shall
have been fully organized with the composition of its Corps of Professorial
Lecturers and other personnel, only participants who have completed the
programs prescribed by the Academy and have satisfactorily complied with
all the requirements incident thereto may be appointed or promoted to
any position or vacancy in the Judiciary.
11. The PHILJA may enter into consortium agreements with educational
and training institutions for the development and implementation of programs
for orientation, career development and continuing judicial education:
Provided, That the honoraria, allowances, and other emoluments
of personnel from the institutions involved with the consortium agreements
shall not be taken from the funds of the PHILJA.
12. All conventions of judges and court personnel shall include pertinent
Academy educational programs under such rules and requirements as the
Academy may prescribe.
13. All income, legacies, gifts and donations for the benefit of the
Academy or for its support or maintenance shall be exempt from the payment
of all forms of taxes, donors and donees' taxes, fees, income tax, real
estate, assessments and other charges of the government, its branches
14. All legacies, gifts and donations to the Academy established under
this law shall constitute a special fund to be known as the Judicial Academy
Fund. This fund shall be administered and disbursed by the Board of Trustees
of the Academy exclusively for the purposes of this Act.
15. All properties, real or personal, now pertaining to the Academy
shall be deemed automatically transferred to the Academy established herein
upon the effectivity of this Act, unless otherwise provided in the original
deed of conveyance, donation, grant or transfer.
16. The amount necessary to carry out the purposes of this Act, including
the operation, maintenance and improvement of the Academy shall be included
in the General Appropriations Act for 1999 and every year thereafter under
the program of the Supreme Court of the Philippines.
17. If any of the sections or provisions of this Act is adjudged invalid,
all its other provisions not affected thereby shall remain in force.
18. All laws, rules and regulations that may be inconsistent with
the provisions of this Act are hereby repealed or amended accordingly.
19. This Act shall take effect fifteen (15) days after its complete
publication in the Official Gazette or in at least two (2) newspapers
of general circulation, whichever comes earlier.
___________________(Sgd.) JOSE DE VENECIA, Jr.
________________________(Sgd.) NEPTALI A. GONZALES
______________Speaker of the House of Representatives
_______________________President of the Senate
which originated from the Senate was finally passed by the Senate and
the House of Representatives on February 19, 1998.
ROBERTO P. NAZARENO _________________________(Sgd.)
HEZEL P. GACUTAN
of Representatives _______________________Secretary
February 26, 1998.
FIDEL V. RAMOS President of the Philippines